The term digitization is used almost inflationary nowadays and can be found in all areas of life. Society, economy, culture and education are equally affected by advancing digitalization. Digitization basically means nothing other than that information is mapped and stored in the form of numbers, mostly with the help of the binary system of 0 and 1. However, such a development not only has advantages, it also has disadvantages.
Important Technologies as the Starting Shot
The beginning of the so-called digital revolution cannot be fixed on a specific date. Many believe that the invention of the microchip was one of the triggers. The storage capacity on these chips is constantly increasing, so that more and more complex functions can be carried out with the aid of these chips and more and more extensive information can be stored on them. In addition, they are getting faster and faster, which means that workflows take place in ever shorter time. Business enterprises benefit from these developments just as much as city administrations. There are now specialized companies such as Tech Companies Las Vegas with corresponding core competencies.
Fast work processes as an advantage
For companies, work processes that run quickly and without disruption are an important part of their success. In the past, you had to laboriously fill out any order forms for materials and order the required material from different stations, today you simply need to enter your requirements in an online form. Thanks to the increasing networking inside and outside the company, this can be forwarded with almost no time delay.
Digitization and the Job Market
Various studies were carried out to see what the proportion of jobs could be that will be lost due to digitization. According to a study by the Institute for Employment Research and the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training, around 1.5 million jobs could have been cut by 2035 as digitization progresses. The main reason for this is that activities previously carried out by humans will in future be taken over by increasingly powerful robots.
Above all, it will affect workers in the manufacturing sector, such as workers in mining, toolmaking or the automotive industry. Professions in other sectors such as nurses, teachers and retailers, on the other hand, will hardly be affected.
Networking on a Global Level
Since the development of the Internet, the world has become increasingly interconnected. Thanks to digital technologies, an ever faster Internet, the invention of computers and smartphones, people can now connect with other people from almost anywhere, hold meetings, exchange information and much more. The Internet makes it very easy to connect to authorities, register in networks and send or receive data without delay. A good example of how networking works is the so-called smart home, i.e. apartments or houses that are connected using digital technologies, which means that almost all things can be controlled and monitored remotely. It works in a similar way with global networking.
Digitization and the Transparent Person
A topic that is hotly debated again and again is the so-called transparent human being, which is created by digitization. The fact that more and more information about every person is available on the Internet and that one can theoretically be followed and monitored every step of the way through networking, privacy is lost. Because you can always be reached by smartphone or computer, because ever more extensive information about each person (contact details, health information, pictures and others) is reaching a large number of hands in increasingly branched ways, the proportion of information that remains private is shrinking.
Digitization as a Cost Factor
The conversion of a company to digital structures is not only a lot of work, but also associated with not insignificant costs. To provide a company with such structures, new hardware and software is required. As a rule, the company needs the help of specialists who carry out and monitor the digitization process and also organize the training of employees.
The training of employees in particular is usually very time-consuming. One consequence of this is possibly a sluggish day-to-day business. Smaller companies in particular quickly have financial problems as a result. However, much remains to be done after the upgrade is complete. Because the software programs absolutely have to stay up to date.
Experience shows that even the best and latest technology always offers one or the other target for so-called cyber-attacks. With the help of such attacks, strangers can penetrate a system from outside and sometimes paralyze an entire company. Even networks with numerous security precautions are never 100 percent secure. However, this means that such cyber criminals can also succeed in getting into the system of a nuclear power plant or a military facility, for example.
Digitization Enables a More Efficient Fight Against Crime
In the area of fighting crime, digitization has also proven to be an effective instrument for investigative and law enforcement authorities. There is now an ever better functioning network between individual countries inside and outside Europe. With the help of digital technologies, data on potential suspects can be exchanged and compared with one another. Thanks to technical innovations, phone calls can be tapped and chat processes can be followed. In this way, planned crimes can be identified and prevented much faster.
New Working Time Models Thanks to Digitization
An undeniable advantage of digitization are the possibilities it opens up in the area of working time models. Due to the company’s networks, which are also accessible from outside, an employee no longer necessarily has to sit directly in the company in an office, but rather in the home office, for example. The employee can work from home by gaining access to the company network via a secure Internet line.
Despite Digitization, Paper Remains Necessary
Although most documents can now be stored and edited digitally, the absolutely paperless office will probably never exist. Numerous companies still keep particularly important documents in paper form despite the storage of an infinite number of documents on a hard drive, in a cloud or on a server. Above all, contracts, notices or similar things should not simply be disposed of after saving. If the technology doesn’t play along because the entire system crashes, you still have the most important papers to hand.