How to make an Argumentative Essay: Step by Step

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An argumentative essay is carried out by selecting a topic to be addressed and allowing both the position of the main author and supporting authors to be used on it in order to validate it. Before serializing the steps to follow for its elaboration, you have to know the basic structure of an argumentative text, which can be slightly modified depending on the communicative intentions.

Structure of the Argumentative Essay

Thesis (hypothesis, Postulate)

Idea that is enunciated to show clearly what your position is in relation to the topic to be developed.

Body (Arguments)

Reasons biased exposed to support or endorse the idea initially raised, in order to guide the reader to a certain conviction about your initial postulate.


Optional mechanism used to express opinions contrary to the arguments that support the thesis and thus achieve acceptance.

We insert a counterargument that helps us validate the reasons given to defend our own opinion.


You resume your thesis and link it with synthetic deduction’s product of all the reflection you have generated in the course of your approaches; Thus, you reinforce your postulate and simplify the reasons that validate your ideas: you reaffirm the thesis.

It is important that you know that no essay has a rigid structure, on the contrary, the exposed organization is only a guide for you to learn to organize your opinions and arguments.

Now that you know how to organize an argumentative essay text at the superstructure level, let’s see how to conduct an argumentative essay.

Steps to develop an Argumentative Essay:

1. Choice of a Topic

You must know what you are going to talk about. You can never start writing if you don’t have a defined north. Do not confuse topic with title: the subject is the field where the text is inserted; The title summarizes the specificity with which the subject will be treated.

2. Documentation

Can you write about what you don’t know or don’t master enough? Although the essay is your own opinion, it is always good to inquire a little more. This will give greater strength of conviction and solidity to the arguments.

3. Scheme or work Script

Is it easier to make a house without a frame or with it? Well that constitutes the work scheme: a “skeleton” on which you are going to build the final text.

4. Draft

Once you organize the ideas to be developed, you put the information in writing.

5. Appropriate Titles

For the topic to be developed, the communicative intention and the reading public to get attention from the beginning.

6. Consistency

Ideas must be developed with an internal logical order that guarantees their meaning; the sentences that make up a paragraph and the paragraphs that make up the text should make sense.

7. Cohesion

  • Cohesive mechanisms seek order and external linking of ideas in the text.
  • The proper use of connectors (text markers), punctuation marks and ellipsis (deletion of words or phrases) help with the fluency of the writing.
  • The use of pronouns and synonyms avoid unnecessary repetitions.

8. Stylistic harmony

The style of the text should be uniform in terms of the language used and the way ideas are presented; If I start being formal (with a standard-formal lexicon), the ideal is that this tone is maintained throughout the writing.

9. Perfect Spelling

Writing or speaking well is our best cover letter, if we want to positively impress the other. In addition, the correct use of punctuation marks ensures that your ideas are embodied and interpreted as you conceive them.

10. Review

  • Once you have written the essay, you review it.
  • What aspects should you review? Spelling (accentuation and punctuation), coherence (background), cohesion (form), syntax.
  • We must “polish” the text of repetitions, contradictions and ambiguities.

Another Aspect to Consider: Types of Arguments

When we write an argumentative essay, it is good to know what types of arguments we can use and thus achieve greater affinity with our readers. A basic and simple typology groups them as follows:

Authority Arguments

The purpose of this argument is to give greater credibility to our reasoning, by supporting our own approaches in what others (people with public recognition and prestige) have said on the subject.

Proverbs and Sayings

Proverbs are more elaborate and conceptually profound expressions for their interpretation, but they also enjoy public disclosure that positions them in an intermediate cultural knowledge.

Final Considerations on the Argumentative Essay

We can write on that leaf that we saw fall on an autumn afternoon, while we drank coffee on the terrace, and even the existential conflict that can generate in many people the conception of life and death.

Do not forget that you should always raise your personal ideas around the subject, well-sustained ideas that allow you to reach the reader.

Another point to remember is that the essayist always seeks to influence the reader, so your ideas and approaches must be presented in such a way that they not only convince the reader but move him to think and act accordingly.

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